Posts

logo

Zero To Hero: Building a Brand Series – Moving Forward From Amazon

Zero To Hero: Building a Brand Series

 Moving Forward From Amazon

ecommerce

In the previous blog post, Manuel went over some great strategy and techniques on how you can pitch your products to retailers and wholesalers across the world.

Today’s blog post marks the final blog post of this great series. This post will be all about thinking forward and expanding your business into other areas.

Expand Into The Other Amazon Global Markets

AmazonFBA

Amazon is still the number one E-commerce marketplace in the world, and it will be for a long time. Although we believe that Amazon has some disadvantages for sellers who wish to have complete control over their business, you should always list your product there. Currently the markets which we recommend expanding to, are:

  • Amazon EU(UK & Germany should be a priority).
  • Amazon Japan

These marketplaces have a much lower volume than their US counterpart, however, the traffic and sales are increasing year-on-year and Amazon has been investing heavily to attract buyers & sellers to their marketplaces outside the US.

Expand Into Other E-Commerce Marketplaces 

There are a number of ECommerce marketplaces that allow you to list your products, some also have a similar fulfillment service like Amazon FBA. While not all ECommerce marketplaces are ideal(some have very low sales volume), this will allow you to increase your brand visibility and target markets which your competition is unlikely to target.

In my opinion, the marketplaces that make the most sense to register a seller account are:

  • Walmart & JET
  • Newegg
  • Sears
  • Ebay
  • Rakuten

Focus On Growing Your Online Store

eCommercestore

Having your own ECommerce store is the only to have complete control over your brand & pricing. One of the things I like about having an ECommerce store is that I have complete freedom when it comes to:

  • Creating special offers/giveaways.
  • Store Design & Branding
  • Customized Packaging
  • Control over Customer Service & Experience

However, the best thing about having your own store is that it’s a challenge! While Amazon definitely needs some mastering – all the buyer traffic is already there! With your own store you need to spend an enormous amount of time dedicated to bringing traffic to your website.

While this requires a lot of hard work and testing, in my opinion, it’s more rewarding and it can be scaled significantly once you have a working formula

Outsourcing

We feel this step is the most important part of any business. A successful business is a scaleable business. While you should always retain control over the key tasks of your business, it is important to delegate tasks, especially those tasks that are time consuming or you have no expertise in.

With the rise of freelancing and outsourcing websites, it is very easy to find very skilled freelancers or companies for your business. In my opinion, these are the tasks that you should definitely outsource: 

Importing

  • Product & Packaging Design
  • Product Inspection
  • Logistics(Freight Forwarder, Warehousing etc)
  • Product Sourcing

Business

  • Legal & Accounting
  • Social Media Marketing
  • Company Branding
  • Graphic Design

Of course, what tasks you outsource depends entirely on you, however, if you want to scale your business and achieve freedom, you need to delegate tasks.

Conclusion

This blog post concludes our Zero To Hero: Building a Brand series, we hope that this series proved helpful in your efforts to build a truly successful and global brand.

Building a brand takes a lot of effort, however with the right strategy in place, you will have a company that has great products and its loved by its customers.

We would appreciate any feedback you have on this series and if there is anything we can help you with, kindly leave a comment below.

All the best & happy selling,

Duncan & Manuel

logo

Zero To Hero: Building a Brand Series –moving to Retail & Wholesale

pexels-photo-25641

My background is actually retail, so I naturally started out with retail before moving onto Amazon. When a friend told me about FBA I didn’t even know that Amazon let’s third parties sell on Amazon. 

I thought they only sell their own product. I am glad that friend pointed me to FBA, otherwise it would have been a lot more difficult to get my brand off the ground. 

It has been nearly 3 years since I started my own business and as I said I started in retail. I had collected many contacts in retail and that was the natural way to go for me. 

Looking back I am happy I started out in retail as it helped my brand immensely to get exposure while creating a second income trough Amazon.

The ultimate goal of any brand or company is to get their products in front of as many customers as possible. The only way to do this is by listing your products through all the sales channels that are available to brands.

The most powerful or “rewarding” sales channel is retail and wholesaling. Retail has the power to move your product quickly, thus getting huge exposure for your brand and products.

The Challenge

pexels-photo-196989

Retail is notoriously one of the hardest sales channels to get into. Your products must not only be appealing to consumers, but also packaging and marketing materials have to be of a higher standard than E-commerce.

However, one of the hardest challenges is finding retailers who are willing to take on a new brand and its products. Retailers often don’t take huge risks with their capital and prefer to invest in brands that are already established or brands that carry really unique products. So the key is to have unique products rather than generic.

Selling a Garlic Press that has some accessory doesn’t make you unique. The retailer will buy this product from his trusted source. 

Larger items also have the issue of shelf space; which in retail is limited. On top of that you can’t just knock on a retailers door and expect a smooth and fast process.

Retailers have decision maker hierarchies and it is often difficult to get to the right decision maker. Often times retailers already have their suppliers or connections and they aren’t open to a new supplier. Reasons being that they already may have great buying conditions and relationships with their existing suppliers.

In some cases I worked on a potential retailer for over 2 years before getting an order (in my previous job) and in those 2 years there were 3 changes on decision makers and I had to start from the beginning again.

The new guy might not be open to you as the previous guy was and maybe he is already bringing sources/suppliers to the job and you need to start all over again convincing the new guy. 

On top of that most larger retailers get emails and phone calls every day from new suppliers wanting to sell them their product. So it is a long and windy road to get into retail, sometimes as much as 2 – 3 years. But once you have your foot inside the door you are in a great position. 

Solution and how to get into retail

pexels-photo

One word – relationship. If you have a good relationship the price or your product doesn’t really matter. 

Someone is likely to buy from you if you have a relationship with him right? The more credentials you have and the more history you have with a person the more likely that person is to buy from you right?

An example. Let’s say you need a new health insurance. You already have an insurance from your trusted childhood friend (let’s call him Steve). Steve is quite expensive and maybe his insurance package doesn’t even have a lot of benefits. 

But you still buy from him because he’s your friend and you’ve known him for years & on top of that you trust him. You even have him over at your house for BBQ’s, you meet up for beers etc. 

You get a phone call from an insurance company trying to sell you a new health insurance with much better benefits. You don’t know this company but the offer sounds appealing.

You take the offer and go to Steve and tell him he needs to make the same offer or you buy from this new insurance company. Steve probably can’t make the same offer but he’ll adjust his old package and give you more benefits, maybe even at a better price. On top of that he throws in a coupon or voucher for shopping at Amazon. 

You close the deal with Steve. That’s the power of relationships. And that’s how retailers work – they have their trusted sources and relationships.  “You need to become Steve”. 

Many of those relationships especially in the “old days” included some sort of bribery. For example if you switch to a new supplier that supplier would buy out your entire old stock from the old supplier. Back in the 90’s it wasn’t unheard of that a new supplier would invite you over on his yacht and take a trip down to the South of France.

Thankfully these “unfair” tactics aren’t accepted anymore – at least not with multinational retailers. There are strict enforcements in terms of bribery in big retailers. However, the relationship factor still plays a key role in doing business.

Today its just called “wining and dining” a customer. You take the customer out for a steak dinner and a nice bottle of wine and you probably don’t even end up talking business but a few days later you’ll get an order.  

Now the key is to build a relationship with the buyer. You probably won’t be able to close a deal for months or even years because every offer you send to a new prospect ends up in the “trash” inbox. 

1) Start out by visiting local stores that have maybe 20-30 stores in the area/country or state. Try to get an appointment with the Manager or Purchasing Department. Once you have an appointment prepare yourself with:

  • Company presentation (Powerpoint / PDF)
  • Product Catalogue (Can be PDF but prepare something nicely and don’t just show a link to your Amazon listing)
  • Bring samples and business cards
  • Bring your wholesale price list 

A store can probably take up 5 pieces per item/per store. So 30 stores makes 150 pieces, not bad for a first order. 

2) Once you are listed in a smaller or local store look into larger retailers that have 100-200 stores. 

Same principle applies in terms of preparation but you are probably not the only one knocking on their doors. So you need a bit of track record with a smaller retailer or your online portfolio. 

Retailers with more than 100 or 200 stores probably have their own purchasing department, maybe even a buying office in Asia. So you need to get to the decision maker. 

There are several ways to get to decision makers but the most effective yet also most frowned upon are cold calls. 

Email the decision makers or better cold call first. There are cold call guidelines for free on the internet. Key is to let the buyer speak and you only listen. 

Most buyers just want to talk about how great they are, let them. You need to make them feel that they have the upper hand. 

After your first cold call, follow up on the topics and email a proposal as discussed in the call. 

Give it a few days and then either email or call again. 

3) Exhibiting your products at a local or international exhibition is the best way to find retailers and wholesalers.

This time the buyers come to you and all you really have to do is follow up with the topics of the discussion. 

The key takeaway here is that getting into retail really is a marathon not a sprint but it can be very rewarding: 

The Rewards

pexels-photo-264554

The best thing about retail are re-orders. You might not make much money on the first order but if the item sells well re-orders will come and often times in much larger quantities than the 1st order. The good thing then is that the entire process is already set up and all you have to do is to place an order with your factory, knowing the entire process with the retailer. Or if you have stock back home you can just send in the new order to the retailer from your warehouse. 

From some retailers I get re-orders every 1-2 months for the same product and all I have to do is place an order to the factory and ship the item to the customer. 

These orders can be 2-5,000 pieces each time. Sometimes I make 1$ on a product, sometimes 5$. So in 1 day I can make 25,000$ in profits not really doing anything (a bit exaggerated – there’s still work to do :) ). 

Imagine how many months you’ll have to sell on Amazon for an order and profit that large. 

Conclusion

Getting into retail is very hard but as I said it can be very rewarding. It’s not a sprint so some deals can take 2 or more years but if the client is worth it don’t give up. Obviously the above is just a short visit into the topic, there’s much more to it such as contracts, advertisement material, sampling, pricing structures etc. 

If you need more help on the subject or are interested in growing your business into retail don’t look any further. I am working on material that is coming out in the coming weeks that should help immensely :)

All the best and happy selling,

Manuel 

logo

Zero To Hero: Building a Brand Series – Social Media & eCommerce

Zero To Hero: Building a Brand Series

Social Media & E-Commerce3

In last week’s blog post we had a brief introduction on E-commerce and the key steps you should take to create your own sales channel. Another way to create a powerful sales channel is through Social Media.

Social Media is essential to get your target audience to find your brand and connect with influential figures in your niche. In the past few years, social media has become the number one medium for promotion and businesses who want to achieve long term success need to have a social media strategy in place.

Why Having a Social Media Presence is Important

We often hear how social media is powerful and important for brands around the world. The main reasons why social media is the platform of choice is:

  • Advertising conversions are higher than other forms of promotions such as traditional PPC, offline marketing and television.
  • People spend a lot of time on social media so it’s very easy to find your target audience.
  • Social Media provides a lot of data on demographics and behaviours which if used right it can scale up your business significantly.
  • Drive Huge Amounts of Traffic To Your Website & Amazon Listing.
  • Connect with your customers on a personal level and find out their concerns or needs in your category.

A Look at Social Media Platforms

1Untitled

Facebook

1

Facebook is without a doubt the most popular social network to use. Although having(and growing) your own Facebook page is essential for your brand, the advantage Facebook has over other platforms is an affordable and converting advertising platform.

Initially, the best strategy to use Facebook Advertising is to find your target audience. No other advertising platform in the world allows you to segment your audience by:

  • Gender
  • Income
  • Country
  • State/Province
  • Interests
  • Age

When launching a new brand, my strategy is to have a budget of $5 a day maximum to find my target audience, that way, when the time comes to launch my product, I know already who to target. Facebook also allows you to target audiences who liked a particular page, so if you have a fitness brand and want to target female audiences aged 18-25 who like Nike, Adidas & Under Armour; you can do that with FB Ads.

What this allows is to have better converting Ads and more clicks to your sponsored posts. One suggestion I can give is to not direct the audience to your Amazon listing(unless you have a lot of positive reviews), but instead to your website/landing page to collect email addresses.

We will talk in more detail about Facebook Advertising in the coming weeks, however, as a business in 2017 and beyond, you need to be on Facebook – it’s where your target market hangs out most of the time so take advantage of it!

Instagram

2

Instagram is the platform of choice if you want to showcase your products, brand and your story. The visual aspect of Instagram allows you to truly differentiate yourself from your competitors. Since Instagram is owned by Facebook, you can use their advertising platform to also target Instagram users.

What I really like about Instagram though, is the ability to connect with authority in your niche and even larger brands. This makes it the perfect social media platform alongside YouTube to gain massive exposure for your brand.

However, the downside of Instagram is that you only have one clickable link in your whole profile – The Bio. This makes it very hard to direct audiences to click the link, for this reason, although Instagram can be used to drive sales, the main use of the platform is to gain exposure.

Twitter

3

Twitter is one of the top social media networks, however, their follower base has been declining in recent years so in my opinion, other social media platforms are much better. Twitter works best for announcements or to give news regarding your brand or products.

I would still suggest you to have a Twitter account though, not only it works great for some niches such as fitness, yoga and cosmetics; but also because as a brand you need to be everywhere! The more places you are, being social media platforms, marketplaces or countries, the better.

So while in some cases twitter can work great, it’s not an ideal platform for Ecommerce sellers.

Snapchat

4

Out of all the most popular social media platforms, snapchat is the newest one. However, they are quickly gaining a large following(particularly amongst younger audiences) and they are set to go public soon. Snapchat is a video-based application that allows you for to share videos which are only available for a limited amount of time.

This is a great app if you want to make quick promotional videos or even use it to make instruction-based videos on your products. However, unlike most social media platforms, Snapchat only applies to certain categories.

Nonetheless, if your market is mostly younger audiences, you need to use the app as it’s quickly becoming the number 1 social media platform amongst the younger generation.

YouTube

5

YouTube is by far the best social media platform for exposure and driving insane amounts of traffic to your website or Amazon listing. With the introduction of their Video Advertising Platform, you can quickly gain enough exposure or even go viral. It’s not uncommon for unknown brands to go viral and get massive sales via YouTube. Video based ads convert much better also, however, at $0.20 a click, it can become quite expensive.

The power of YouTube relies in a pool of YouTubers from all kinds of niches, in fact, if you can find influencers or brand ambassadors willing to make an unboxing review or How-To-Guides for your product, you will get more sales than any other method, such as PPC or FB Ads.

The major tips I can give regarding YouTube are:

  • If you’re starting your own channel, your videos must be very well made.
  • Focus on providing value and showcasing your brand.
  • If sponsoring other videos, make sure that your products are of a higher quality. Packaging, inserts and the product itself need to look professional.
  • With thousands of videos uploaded every minute on YouTube, your videos can easily get lost, have a keyword strategy in place and leverage other social media networks to get views.

If used right, YouTube can be the single platform that elevates your brand from a small business to a well-known brand loved by its audiences. Unless you have enough video making or editing experience, I wouldn’t suggest you make YouTube videos yourself(as a brand), instead, outsource the whole process or even better, leverage the audience of other YouTubers.

Pinterest

6

Pinterest is a social media platform that very different from the rest. It focuses mainly on images where they are structured using pins and boards. What makes Pinterest unique is that the platform has a majority of women followers, so if your brand or products are aimed at this demographic, you need to focus your marketing efforts on Pinterest.

Pinterest, unlike Instagram, has clickable images, so every image you put in the platform can be directed to your website or Amazon listing. This becomes really powerful when your follower base get bigger as it can help increase conversions.

Social Media & E-Commerce

Social media and E-Commerce are a perfect match for each other! No other platform gives you the ability to showcase your products in front of thousands of potential buyers. When it comes to promoting your products on social media, you need to focus on these points:

  • Show what your brand is about(your brand story). People are more willing to buy from brands they can connect with.
  • Run Giveaways, Polls and Promotions frequently. These will not only boost sales but it will also give you some great data about your customer base and buying habits.
  • Show unique features about your products and great looking pictures will attract more followers.
  • Use social media to provide great customer service. Check your inboxes frequently and reply to comments you get on your posts.

However, the most powerful way to gain followers and exposure to your brand via social media is by advertising. Facebook and YouTube provide the best converting advertising platforms and give you a lot of data about your customer behaviour.

Amazon PPC can get very expensive after a while and social media is another great way to drive traffic. It is recommended to not drive traffic directly to your Amazon listing via social media advertising, but instead, use the following strategy:

  1. Set-Up your Facebook/Instagram/Youtube Ads targeting your ideal audience.
  2. Links should point to your website or Ecommerce store.
  3. Have a landing page and an offer to get email subscribers.
  4. Provide customers the option to either buy from your website or Amazon itself. 

By driving traffic to your website you have the ability to collect email subscribers. Email subscribers allow you to:

  • Pitch offers during holiday seasons or when you experience slow sales.
  • Connect with your customers to build a relationship with your brand.
  • Send an email blast when launching new products so you not only get some sales, but also some traffic to your listings.

Conclusion

7

Social Media Marketing can be a great asset to have for your business. No other tool comes close when it comes to connecting with your target audiences and getting exposure for your brand. Keep in mind that social media is a slow process and not every platform will suit your brand.

We recommend focusing your efforts on 2 or 3 social media platforms and outsource the rest to a virtual assistant.

In next week’s blog post we will discuss Inventory Management, FBA Prep and Storage. Amazon has been constantly increasing their fees so it makes sense to look for alternative options to store part or all of your inventory.

We hope this short guide prove helpful and as always, if you have any questions, kindly leave a comment below.

All the best and happy selling,

Duncan

http://importdojo.com/importdojo-masterclass/

logo

Zero to Hero: Build a Brand series – Overseas manufacturing guide

I’ve probably written about this topic for as long as the blog is up (March 2015) but I’d like to give you a summary of the most important parts of manufacturing overseas in this blog series on how to build a brand.  

WARNING – LONG POST :)

So here goes: 

Guide on Manufacturing Overseas

There are a lot of statistics I could give you but I wouldn’t know where to begin. I want to break down China and its manufacturing in a few sentences.

Believe it or not, China is still the biggest production site by far. While there are several countries in the vicinity, such as Vietnam, Thailand, and Bangladesh, they simply do not have the infrastructure that China does. Imagine you need sanitary items, furniture, household appliances, insurance, and a smart phone. You walk into a Wal-Mart. You can find practically anything you need in there and that’s within 10,000 square feet. That pretty much sums up China’s infrastructure. 

Factory A provides plastic and tooling, Factory B provides packaging, Factory C provides raw material and components, and Factory D assembles everything. They are all within a stone’s throw away from each other. 

Most of the factory bosses are related to each other. They set up a perfect system within their “community.”

I’ll give you an example, and I am not kidding you, 95% of the world’s supply of electrical multi-sockets comes from a small town in Cixi near Ningbo/Shanghai. When I say “small” I actually mean small for China. 

There are over 1.4 million people in this town. When you step into “Ningbo Kaifeng” (World largest factory for electrical multisockets) you are overwhelmed. And when you step outside of the building you see five competitors across the street. All the factory bosses are related to each other. And down the street they can find everything they need – factories that make packaging, tooling, plastic, steel, and so on.

The Chinese are so effective in terms of production and infrastructure that some first world countries could really learn a lot.

The big retailers figured out a long time ago that nearly every large corporation, retailer, discounter, or online shop has a buying office somewhere in China/Hong Kong. I know this because I have been in the industry for over 17 years. When you walk into a factory and look at the production line you see cartons of goods with famous names on them. Whether it is a fan from Home Depot, an audio speaker from Target, or a ceramic pot from Bed, Bath, & Beyond, they were all made in China. Most products are made in specific areas.

Here are a few examples:

  • Guangdong province (South of China): Electronics of any kind, especially consumer and household, toys
  • Zhejiang province (Shanghai area): DIY products, tools, metal and fabrics, lighting
  • Hebei province (Beijing area): Textiles, coal, steel, iron, engineering, chemicals, power, ceramics and food

These are the main areas for production. However, nowadays production is also shifting inland to take advantage of lower labor and production costs.

Certification

First things first. You need to understand that certifications are based on directives and legislations. So for example the GPSD in Europe (General Product Safety Directive Legislation) or the CPSC for the US (Consumer Products Safety Commission) says that a product needs to meet certain standards and need to be safe in general to import or bring to the market. Simple right? Unfortunately not. The GPSD has tons of directives under its belt such as the CE, RoHS, REACH directive). Which means that for each product or category there are further sub-categories that have directives which tell you exactly what your product needs to meet. Wait a minute, what exactly are you saying? I can’t read all this technical jargon…. 

Ever went onto Google to look what your product needs to meet under which directive? Found a site and then there’s a 200 page PDF that tells you in technical mumbo jumbo what the directive is about and after reading that you still don’t know what to do? Well this is where a lot of people struggle (I am actually working on a course as of writing this that will take the guesswork out and make you understand what you need to know)

So which certificates do I need and do I need them all? 

Yes and No

The good news first. No you do not have to have all tests and certificates done by third party laboratories (both the US and Europe). What would suffice in (almost) all cases would be a declaration of conformity. Wow really? Yes, and here is the “however”. If you trust your suppliers blindly that all raw materials are free of hazardous chemicals, comply with electromagnetic compatibility (electronics for example) or meet certain other standards then that would be very foolish. If your supplier can’t provide any certification and claims that he complies with everything you ask for thats a huge red flag. I also understand that you don’t want to invest in any certification not knowing if it will sell. And this is the most important part where you as a entrepreneur and business person need to come to a decision. A) Is my product potentially dangerous (can it explode??). B) Is my product relatively simple and can’t harm anyone (e.g. leather wallet)? Once you’ve figured out what you need for your product you need to evaluate what should be invested. Lets take an example. For the sake of it lets look at a simple and a complicated product. 

Simple product:

Solar powered garden light for 1.2$. Comes with nothing but a few cables, some plastic and a solar cell. Simple right? Technically I have to meet the following: LVD (EMC), ROHS, REACH & CE in general for Europe. Now if I were to test all of these the costs would amount to roughly 2000USD with a very cheap Chinese laboratory. If it was TUV or SGS the costs would be triple that. Now what if I am going to order 1,000 pieces and my testing costs would already cost more? That doesn’t make sense. In this case I suggest to get self declaration of the above regulations and save yourself these costs. Obviously you’d still want your supplier to declare that he can fulfil those requirements so look for suppliers who already deal with customers in the country you want to import to and have a good reputation or can back up their claim that the item is compliant with raw material certificates for example (from the raw material supplier). 

Complicated product:

Small Electric fan heater 5.9$. Comes also with a few cables, some plastic, a plug and a PCB. Simple right? No. You see, I need to plug this product into the socket (230Volts plus) and the potential dangers are very high. If the unit tips over or a child puts a cover on top, the entire unit can burn up (and the house with it). Also here technically I have to meet the following: LVD (EMC), ROHS, REACH & CE in general for Europe. Ideally I will also want a GS mark for Germany because this is a product consumers want to have with GS. On top of that I want abnormal testing from TUV for example. Abnormal testing means they would test what happens if you cover the unit with a blanket or if it tips over that the unit switches off automatically. A good supplier knows that there needs to be a tip over switch installed and overheating fuse included. This abnormal test alone costs 4-5,000USD. A GS mark costs somewhere in the same vicinity (2-4000US$). The other tests (LVD, RoHS, REACH & CE) are roughly 2,000USD. Now we are looking at 10-12,000USD investment costs. Would I do all these testings before purchasing? Yes, 1000%. I do not want to risk my business or anyone else’s life because I wanted cheap. You may say ok but I don’t have that kind of money. Then you need to find a supplier who either has these certificates already or is willing to invest the money for you. If you can’t find one then its simple – the product is not for you and your budget. You can still go for it without all the testing and certifications but I think we are on the same page here that that would be a very foolish decision in case anything happens.  

Now I can’t go into hundreds of products or case studies here, that just isn’t possible. But I think you see my point. First I need to evaluate if the trouble is worth it and if I even want to deal with complicated products. 

If the answer is yes then the strategy is pretty clear I think – test and get certificates. If you don’t dare to sell these risky (but profitable) products go the easy way and pick simple products or walk away. 

Products & components to avoid when starting 

Some items really don’t make sense to import (together with the antidumping rate items). These items are usually license-required items, large items or items that are manufactured in a low-income country near you. 

China is getting some competition from a few countries, not only because of labor costs but also due to government import restrictions (antidumping fees for example).

Products that are difficult for importing:

  • Anything related to gas
  • Cars
  • Supplements
  • Foods, drinks
  • Animals
  • Guns, weaponry
  • Hazardous material
  • and more

For the above items you would need to obtain proper licenses first and this can be quite difficult. So the above might not be your first choice of import. 

Contracts & Tooling Guide 

A lot of people are concerned when they produce their own design in China that the supplier will copy it and sell to other sellers.

First I would like to point out that in my nearly 12 years in China I have had almost only good experiences with suppliers even with my own designs and exclusivity agreements.

Let’s look at your options and what it actually means to have NDA’s or Exclusivity Agreements in China and how likely it is to enforce it or hold up in a court.

Lets look at the terminology first and what they mean:

NDA’s

Whats an NDA and when do you use it?

An NDA or Non-Disclosure Agreement is used when you have your own product design and want that developed by a factory in China. You basically agree with the factory that they are not allowed to disclose, share or produce your design (or even ideas) with any other customer or supplier. Neither local or overseas. In most cases if you have your own design a tooling is likely need to be made. The first step you take before you send any designs to a factory is to ask them to sign the NDA.

Tooling

To produce your design it is very likely that the factory needs to make a mould or tooling for you. With this tooling – parts of your product will be manufactured and eventually assembled into the final product.

(Categories like Textile or Food do not need tooling). Toolings are often included in the price quoted to you when you hand over your design. However you can also opt to pay for the tooling if you want to own the tooling as well.

Toolings can go anywhere from 1,000-30,000+USD depending on the size of the product. Yes, things can get pretty expensive.

Can I move my own tooling to a secure location?

Toolings are usually very large and heavy as they are made out of die-cast in most cases. Moving them requires quite some logistics.

So if you are unsure that your supplier is going to use them for other customers you should move them to a secure location (e.g. a rented warehouse). This can easily cost a few hundred US$.

And every time you would place an order this tooling needs to be moved to the factory and after production back to the warehouse. An expensive enterprise.

So having said all that if you feel you need to have your tooling secure somewhere else you should not work with this factory in the first place.

So whats the best way to go about having your own designs & tooling?

Two scenarios:

  • You are just starting out and have no factory contacts whatsoever.

My tip is to work with a sourcing agent  that can help you find reliable and trustworthy factories.

Don’t go onto Alibaba and randomly look for factories that could make your product. You don’t know them, they don’t know you and are unlikely to help you anyway.

Even if they tell you: “no problem, we can make it for you” they are likely to copy your product or sell the idea to other sellers the minute you place an order.

Just the other day a reader of mine told me he found a trading company on Alibaba for his design and placed an order of 300 pieces.

When he got contacted by the actual factory about labels and other things they needed from him he found out that the trading company placed a total of 500 pieces with that factory.

They ordered an additional 200 pieces (without the knowledge of the client & even with the clients logo) for themselves probably to sell it on Aliexpress or even Amazon themselves.

  • You’ve been placing orders in China for a while.

Work with the factory of your trust. Even if the product you are now looking to manufacture doesn’t fit into their assortment. Factories have a large network and contacts with other factories.

Ask them to help you source a factory that can make your product whom they trust. I’d he happy to pay a few cents more for this type of help if it means I get connected to someone trustworthy.

Ideally your existing factory can help you manufacture your new design.

Mutual Exclusivity Agreement

Let say you find a product on Alibaba or at the shows and you want to buy this product exclusively to sell on Amazon. Suppliers are likely not to give you a Exclusivity Agreement if you don’t purchase high quantities from them or if you haven’t had any previous business with them. FBA sellers are in general very small customers for factories. The 1000 pieces (if even) you & I are going to want to place as a trial order cause more trouble to the factory than you could imagine. Setting up production and purchasing raw material for only a 1000 pieces is an expensive endeavour for factories. Most raw material suppliers have MOQ’s of 5000 pieces (per raw material) and up. So getting the material for 1000 pieces can be quite expensive. While some factories may have stock left of material or might agree to purchase the larger quantity from the raw material supplier in order to produce your order it is unlikely to happen in reality. Having said that you could approach things a little different to get your exclusivity:

You could ask the supplier to sign exclusivity agreements for 6 months. Meaning you could agree on a quantity that you will place within those 6 months and if you don’t reach the quantity the contract will be voided.

Which will give you the time to figure out if the product is selling and the supplier on the other hand isn’t forced to sign a deal for a long time.

After this period of 6 months the contract/agreement can be reviewed and extended for a longer period. Even if the supplier does not agree to an extension you have at least a head start of 6 months on other sellers.

Validity of agreements & contracts:

In the FB groups I often see question like: “How are those agreements going to hold up and what are your chances of winning an NDA dispute in China if you find out your supplier has betrayed you?”

Well to be honest the chances are slim. Does it help to have an agreement in Chinese? No. Even if you hire an expensive lawyer in China and win the case by the time you resolve the issue your expenses will have ballooned into thousands of $.

So unless you have a patent it isn’t even worth it pursuing a law suit.

You will also have difficulties finding out if your supplier actually used your tooling for another client. An un-trustworthy supplier will find many ways to wiggle himself out of the situation.

For example he could claim a disgruntled engineer of the company left the factory and took the designs to the next factory he started to work for. You won’t be able to proof him differently.

So whats the point of having an agreement at all and whats best approach?

To ask a supplier to sign an agreement or NDA shows that you mean serious business and they will take you and your project more seriously. If he doesn’t agree to it in the first place move on to the next supplier.

Work with a supplier whom you trust and have worked with for many months/years already. You will still need to have agreements in place with that supplier but the understanding is entirely different.

If you work with a supplier and you let him know he can grow his business with you over the years he will honour your agreement. The contract is more or less a formality.

Either place orders with a factory for ODM (products off the rack) in the beginning and eventually propose your ideas and designs after you worked with them for a while or hire a Sourcing Agent who can help you get you in touch with trustworthy factories.

For example in my case study I actually got exclusivity for my product (for an initial 1000 pieces order).

And the supplier honoured it. How do I know that? As you know my case study is public and people who join the course can see contacts of my supplier within the course.

After I launched my product and case study only a few days went by and my supplier contacted me to tell me that he had received quotation requests from 2 different US sellers already. Those 2 people wanted to copy my process (they even used my email templates and quotation forms that I offer in my course). The supplier refused to offer my product to those 2 guys. Thats not to say that they can’t go anywhere else but at least I know I have a reliable and trustworthy supplier.

So its all about finding the right supplier and develop a relationship with him. You will want to have agreements in place even after a long relationship but again, thats just really formality and if you found a trustworthy supplier they will honour agreements and in 95% of the cases help you if you have to claim money for example (defect or returned goods).

The point I want to get across to you is not to worry too much about getting copied in China if you approach things professionally.

Getting copied will happen eventually because either:

  • Another factory copies/modifies the designs because they have seen it on Amazon.
  • Your competitor copies your product or modifies it.
  • Your approach was unprofessional.

Take the head-start that you have with your product and move on. Thats how this business is.

And remember the above goes only for your own designs. It is a different story if you are buying products off the rack maybe with small modifications from a supplier that you found on Alibaba for example. In these cases it doesn’t make much sense to have NDA’s or Exclusivity Agreements because it is not your design in the first place. It belongs to the supplier. However if you make significant modifications and are able to place larger orders it makes sense to have agreements.

Choosing a supplier

Most people start out on Alibaba because they cannot come to China. While I do recommend to come to China it doesn’t make sense if you are just starting out. If you are starting out, head over here to my Alibaba screencast which helps on choosing a supplier:  http://importdojo.com/alibaba-hacks/

Ordering samples & how to test each sample effectively

I ll cover three topics about sample management:

  • Sample costs
  • Communication
  • Supervision

Sample costs

Once you have settled on a supplier for your new product it is time to purchase a sample. Most suppliers will charge you for sending a sample. There is usually no way around this unless you have worked with the supplier for a longer time.

Even for me, being here and dealing with suppliers on a daily basis I can’t guarantee that I don’t have to pay for a sample.

Here are some Insider tips to “try” to get a sample for free.

  • Introduce yourself as an assistant of a large company. Suppliers tend to smell money when a large company is interested and are more likely to give away samples for free.
  • State that if the sample is OK you will place a large order
  • State that you have especially chosen this supplier to be your exclusive supplier for this product and he has the chance now to do business with you.
  • Ask him to put the sample cost on top of the official order that may follow if the sample is what you are looking for.
  • State that it is company policy that you/your company don’t pay for samples and if he wishes to do business he should agree to your sample terms.
  • Split the costs. Offer to pay for either the samples or the freight costs.

If none of these work I recommend you to agree with the supplier to deduct the sample costs from the official (larger) order. At least this way you save the sample costs if you decide to order from this particular supplier.

Be wary of sample costs in general

On one occasion I was sourcing for a textile accessory. The item itself can be made for approx 2 USD.

I screened around 10 suppliers and eventually narrowed my selection down to 5 suppliers. They were all in a similar price range.

When it came down to ordering samples one of the suppliers (who was also the most expensive) asked me for a sample fee of 100 USD to be transferred to his bank account. That didn’t make sense. I immediately knew it must be a trading company with no factory background.

They probably outsource the work to a factory because they have no own facilities. Eliminate suppliers that have high sample costs right in the beginning.

Samples are usually 10-50% more expensive than the originally quoted price. It is a common practice to charge more for samples, as many of the samples need to be handmade for the customer, especially if you have some sort of modification request.

Another reason why samples are usually more expensive than the quoted price is that they want to see if you are serious & sincere about placing a larger order later.

I can tell you that from my own experience as a manufacturer. I get about 5 sample requests per week and all of them want it for free. If a buyer is not willing to pay for a sample I won’t send it to him because I will be thinking he just wants to get a sample and there will be no follow up order.

Sometimes suppliers have stock of their items. If you do not need to have any modifications done, or you just want to check the quality before asking for more, request a sample they have in stock. If they have stock, they usually charge the regular (MOQ) price.

Communication

In my 12 years living and working in China I have learned to communicate with Chinese suppliers in different ways compared to communicating with Western companies.

What is being said or promised on the phone/chat or email is not always being followed by the factory or the supplier. Often you will find that something you said or agreed on is being done completely different.

For example you ordered a sample of a certain product in a certain color & quantity but what you receive is completely different from what you asked/paid for.

Unfortunately the chain of command in factories is not always direct. So when your sales contact gives your sample order to his sample or engineering team there may be 2 or 3 people in between.

In between often some information gets lost. So eventually the person responsible for making your sample will receive different instructions that deviate from your original briefing. Often there will be no meetings held on projects from clients (like we are used to in the western world), but rather a quick email to another person that has not fully understood what you actually want or need.

Often there will be no message or notification that your project may be urgent or requires special attention. That might be a simple instruction, for example telling the sample team to make the sample with a US plug or adapter. No one has told the sample team and common sense is unfortunately not requested when being a worker in the factory.

Which brings us to:

Supervision

I can’t stress enough how important it is to supervise & monitor your order/samples or other projects that you have with your supplier. Westerners work differently. We are more detailed and we expect people to have the same common sense that most of us have. Information will get lost. You need to plan for it.

After each discussion on the phone/chat or email you should follow up with written and agreed on-points. Try to think of everything for the supplier and make it as easy as possible for him to follow up & complete your instructions. Give him a “goodie” at the end of the email to advise him of the potential to be working with you.

For example (content in BLUE are my notes for you):

Hi Tony,

Thanks for the talk just now. I would like to summarize the discussed points:

– Sample to be sent to ……. (your address)

– Sample needs to be in working mode. A non-working sample is not accepted, as the sample will undergo quality tests by my third party laboratory. (this part doesn’t need to be true but he will think twice before sending you a sample in poor condition)

– Sample needs to have a US plug (attach him a picture of a US plug-make it easy for him)

– Please make sure the sample is tested on your side before being sent out.

– Please attach your model number & supplier name-tag to the sample as I am getting many samples and would like to know who sent which sample. (this way you will not lose reference of which supplier made your sample if you order from more than one)

– Make sure you mention “samples of no commercial value” to the Sample Invoice (in order to avoid customs tax on samples at your destination).

– Etc.

Please give me a written confirmation of all discussed points and your understanding.

If the sample works out well and everything is as it is agreed on, expect an order of… pcs.

Best,

…..

Here a few more tips on communication & supervision with your supplier:

  • Give deadlines to suppliers that you both agreed on.
  • Set yourself reminders on your smart phone/computer that will help you to remind your supplier.
  • Make simple sketches & drawings of your requests if the supplier misunderstands you.
  • Have him confirm each step of your modification or request
  • Keep emails clear and with bullet points to make your requests stand out

Once you have a feeling on what you need to pay attention to it gets a lot easier and your sample orders in China will be a lot smoother.

Inspections

I’ve been saying this forever and I still see people shipping their products from China without inspecting their products by professionals but my recommendation is never ever ship without inspecting your goods. 

Especially not if you ship directly to Amazon. If there’s a problem it’s too late to re-work the goods (in most cases) or ship back to China. 

There are several third-party inspection companies in Asia. Some of the big names are: Buereau Veritas, TUV-SUD, TUV-RHEINLAND, and AsiaInspection  (which I personally use) to name a few. The first three are usually expensive but also very thorough. AsiaInspection is a simple and cost efficient service that should work in the beginning for you. Register on their website and simply create an order with them. You can fill out all the details or even better ask your supplier to send them a sample.

Simple steps: You ask your supplier for a date when you can send an inspector (usually around 70-80% of the finished production), you book the inspection online and the Inspector will go to the factory on the arranged date. 

Once the inspection is completed they will send you an inspection report. Based on this report you can either:

  • Release the shipment to the supplier
  • Ask the supplier to re-work the goods according to your agreed terms and fix problems found during the inspection

Only when you are entirely satisfied should you release the shipment. In most cases there will be minor findings, such as scratches, dents, or packaging issues. If this doesn’t bother you then release. If there are major problems like faulty wires or wrong colours, ask your supplier to re-work the goods.

Trust me, he will re-work, as he is still waiting to get the full payment. Remember, NEVER pay everything up front. Once everything is as it should be you can give your logistics provider the order to pick up the goods and send them to the port.

You are of course entitled to skip this process, but it is highly recommended, especially for first-timers and for order amounts above 1,000USD.

Pheeww that was a long post but I hope that this serves as a refreshment or reminder on what to pay attention to :)

Next week in our blog series we’ll talk about eCommerce, what channels exist, how to build an audience, social media following and more so stay tuned :)

If you enjoyed this post please comment or share on your social media :)

All the best and happy sourcing,

Manuel

http://importdojo.com/importdojo-masterclass/

img_6706

What is going on in China right now?

This is a guest post by my partner in crime over at our sourcing operation of ImportDojo :) 

What is going on in China?

I am happy to provide you a bit of insight into the struggles of the worlds factories so for you to understand the background when you get emails like “shortage of packaging, long delivery times, factories shut down, massive price increases” etc.. 

Probably most of you have encountered rising prices and stubborn suppliers in the past few weeks. While some of this is the daily business of all of us, the degree of disturbance has taken dimensions unheard of in the past years and it is important and interesting to go deeper to find out what is happening and what causes the problem.

The US Dollar and its Chinese brother CNY

When Donald Trump won the election the USD fell into a short depression, recovering within hours to a strengths it had not had for almost 20 years. The USD compared to the EUR surged two days after the election to a surprising 1,078 conversion rate and continued to drop to a stunning 1,044 conversion rate in last week. As a reference point, the EUR was recovering and compared to the USD before the election results it had strengthened up to 1,150. This meant, that items purchased for the EURO zone in USD from China suddenly increased by about 9% in their landed price. 

Since we all compare profitability of products with the current possible sales price on the market, that meant margins were melting by 9% and a lot of projects, which looked fabulous before, were doomed. We heard it many times from our customers, that they were expecting a different price calculating back from the sales price on the market to the buying price. The point is, that it takes between 3-5 months for this exchange rate fluctuation to take effect in the market.

Of course the financial professionals will argue about the validity of the above numbers and I have to say they are correct. The strengthening USD forced the CNY to depreciate, which meant that compared to the USD the CNY became a bit weaker and everything coming from scratch from the chinese market in terms of raw materials could become a bit cheaper eventually. However the depreciation of the CNY towards the USD is limited to around 2-3%, while the currency strengthened by 9%, so for the European market it is a loss of around 6% just because of the USD. For the US market on the other side it definitely is a chance, since the depreciation of the Renminbi takes effect and in theory all items should become 2-3% cheaper. Now this is where the second problem kicks in.

The environment

At 4:20 PM on Friday, 16th of December 2016, Chinas environmental control agencies issued a five day “red alert” about a hazardous, choking smog spreading across the northern part of China and Beijing. Skies went black, the public was advised to stay indoors and switch on the television and the whole thing had a little bit the feeling of a catastrophe approaching. The AQI (air quality index) surged from average 150 (which is already unhealthy) to 500-700 in certain areas. Schools and nurseries were shut down, cars older than a certain age were banned from the streets and life almost stopped.

Beijing is just one of 21 cities in China declaring red alert throughout the last 20 days. A couple of days after Beijing, Shanghai followed and around 200 million people were effected by the exhaust fumes of the factories producing for the whole world. The government did the only thing that was right and targeted high polluters like steel mills, coal plants, painting and packaging factories, oil processing plants and all factories not fulfilling the environmental criteria set out by the government at the beginning of the year. As a result, by the end of last week more than 2.500 factories all over China have been shut down. Some of these manufacturers will get the chance to reopen after the red alert passes, many of them will have to either improve and get up to the standard required or file bankruptcy.

We may say “Lucky our factories are not affected”, but it would be a lie. The truth is that only very few of the 1.500 factories we work with have had to completely shut down. However this does not change the fact that their raw material suppliers for steel, aluminum, copper, plastic (oil related) as well as packaging are not there anymore. Yes, China is out of stock on raw material and packaging material. The result of this government policy is, that in the past 3 weeks cold rolled steel prices have gone up by 40%, hot rolled steel prices by 30%, plastic by 25% and packaging – if you are lucky and you can get it – by 35%. Aluminum and Copper follow the main steel indexes.

We have hit rock bottom on this and probably this is as bad as it gets. Suppliers are postponing orders without any guaranteed new shipment date where they purchased the raw material but did not purchase the packaging yet. In some cases if the material is not yet purchased, suppliers even cancel orders with their customers because the price increase they have to ask for would be in a range of 20-30%, which will make them lose their reputation. 

Chinese New Year

The cataclysm is the 28th of January 2017, when all factories put down the work 12% of the worlds population starts their 2 week holiday with a journey to their hometown. This is also the point in time where the environmental “red alert” will probably be lifted again and everything can go back to normal. However nobody can foresee the effect of China standing still 1 month earlier than anticipated because of these environmental issues and we are working hard to find a solution for each and every customer who encounters this problem along their way.

The potential chances in this situation

Concluding this newsletter the situation does not look good at the moment but it is an amazing chance to get some sourcing and product development work done. Offices remain open and concepts can be drafted, samples can be inspected and quotations can be handed out. Even though production is not at its peak, the factories can focus on selling their assortments and capacities for the coming year, for orders after Chinese New Year.

We are prepared to take on your new ideas and requests before Chinese new year and offer a discount to existing customers of 10% with the coupon code #christmas, sent to any of our employees at ImportDojo. Here in Hong Kong our merchandisers work over the christmas holidays and will be happy to grant this lower price to any service from our services overview except for photography and virtual address services here: http://importdojo.com/sourcing/

Finally, there is nothing left to say except for thank you once again for the trust you put in us in 2016. We are looking forward to an exciting 2017 together with you and we wish you a merry christmas, happy holidays and all the best for 2017.

All the best and happy sourcing,

Manuel

logo

Zero to Hero: Build a Brand Series – Business Incorporation 101 – Part 1

Zero To Hero: Building a Brand

Business Incorporation 101 – Part 1

1

Over the past few weeks we went over the basics of building a brand. One thing all major(and minor) brands have in common, is that they are protected from a legal perspective. Having a good business structure will give a lot of benefits moving forward. Although the initial set up process can seem overwhelming and expensive, it doesn’t have to be. Nowadays, there are many countries where you can incorporate remotely that provide a lot features, benefits and most importantly in a financially secure jurisdiction. 

In the next part of the series we will guide you through everything regarding business incorporation and banking – including some helpful tips on where to incorporate your business.

2

P.S. This guide is only meant as a resource. While a lot of research has gone into proving helpful and accurate information – We are not lawyers. Before incorporating your business, especially in countries outside of yours, always consult with a qualified professional specialized in international laws & taxation.

Why Incorporate? 

Many new business owners and online sellers alike often ask if they should incorporate their business before selling online or do it once they are established and have capital. This all depends on what type of business you run, in our case, what products you’re importing. If you’re importing products of high-risk liability such as:

  • Electronics or Electrical Appliances
  • Toys & Baby products – and any products used by children ages 3-10
  • Supplements
  • Cosmetics & Beauty Products
  • Food & Drinks

These are all products that need certifications and in some cases lab testing done. If you’re importing as a Private Label(and not an established brand), a corporate structure will offer you an extra layer of protection. 

Furthermore, having your business incorporated has numerous advantages which are helpful especially later on when your business grows larger. Some of the benefits include:

Personal Asset Protection

It is very important early on to separate personal assets and business assets. Aside from the initial stage where you have to fund your business, you should immediately get a business account for your transaction. This is crucial not only because some banks won’t allow you to use your personal account for business, but more importantly, having your personal assets separate, will protect you in the unfortunate event your business is liable for damages.

A business corporate structure, such as a Limited Company, will protect your personal assets. This is the main reason what makes incorporation attractive.

Transferable Ownership

In the event of an exit, company shares or members can be transferred. Making it very easy and attractive if you want to sell your company in the future. This is true if you have a Corporation structure, where you own 51% or more of the company, shares can be easily sold or transferred to the new owner.

Tax Benefits

Depending on the structure and country of incorporation, you might find out that you owe less taxes than self-employed/sole proprietorship. This is due to numerous tax cuts and deductibles offered to business owners. If you qualify, your tax bill can be reduced greatly, as always, consult with a law firm specialized in business incorporation or your CPA on what tax cuts are available in your country or state.

Important: This shouldn’t be confused with tax evasion and it’s by no means condoned. Tax avoidance is allowed only in accordance with the tax laws of the country of incorporation. For this reason, if incorporating in a country different than the one you’re resident in, consult with the tax authorities before proceeding with incorporation. 

Separate Credit Rating

Your company will have it’s own credit rating and it won’t be affected if your personal credit score is not good. Keeping a good credit score for you business will give you a lot of benefits, these include:

  • Increased overdraft facilities
  • Higher Credit Card Limits
  • Bank Account Upgrades
  • Dedicated Financial Advisor(depends on the bank and account history)
  • Reduced or No Account Fees

Having a good history will make your company investor-friendly as investors or potential buyers want a company with few debts or liabilities. 

Retirement Plans and Payroll

3

Having your own company will allow you to create private retirement plans for you and your employees. Depending on the bank, business accounts have payroll management in their system. This will be very helpful if you plan on having employees or contractors.

Disadvantages of Incorporation

Unfortunately, while there are a lot of benefits to business incorporation, this comes with it cons. This is true to small business owners and people with limited capital. Some of the disadvantages are:

A Lot of Paperwork

Registering and maintaining a business comes with a ton of paperwork and filing. This can be very confusing if you’re new or if this is your first company. Each country has it’s own laws and if you’re selling globally, you have to comply with each country.

This can be quite overwhelming, but unfortunately it must be done. To make things easier, have your CPA or lawyer take care of your company filing – that way you have no risk of incurring fines.

Fees! Fees! Fees!

4

With tons of paperwork, comes tons of fees. Between registration fees, yearly licences, taxes and CPA fees; your outgoing expenses might increase. Maintaining a corporation can become expensive and shouldn’t be done without capital.

Limited companies are popular because the fees are lower and have less filing requirements than corporations. This is the structure that works best for new sellers and those in e-commerce in particular.

Liability Is Not Guaranteed

While incorporating your business may protect your personal assets, you may still be liable in some cases. Only a Corporation fully protects the personal assets of the shareholders. If you import products with high-liability, it’s best to consult with a lawyer on which structure is suitable.

USA Incorporation

5

There is a common misconception amongst people outside the USA that incorporating your business in the US is expensive and complicated. Furthermore, in some cases, if you’re importing in the US, you need to have a US company or subsidiary. Some dropshippers in the US will also refuse to work with you unless you have:

  • Reseller Licence
  • Employer Identification Number 

US LLC State Registration

It is recommended to start off with an LLC if you choose to incorporate. For US non-residents the 3 best states to incorporate are:

Delaware

Delaware State is the most popular place for foreigners who wish to incorporate in the US. However, Delaware is better suited for those wishing to form either an S-Corp or C-Corp.

  • State Filing Fee: $200
  • Certificate of Formation: $90
  • Annual Fees: $300 Alternative Entity Tax by June 1 + State Filing Fees $200 = $500

Nevada

Home to the popular Las Vegas, Nevada is one of the best states to file an LLC, with it’s very attractive tax rates and ease of filing. Besides the yearly fees, there are no other requirements to follow.

 

  • State Filing Fee: $75
  • Annual Fees: Business Licence $200 + Annual List $150 = $350

Wyoming

Wyoming is the cheapest state of the 3 for LLC costs. It offers all the benefits of states like Nevada and formation shouldn’t take longer than a few business days. Foreigners wishing to incorporate in Wyoming, must have a registered agent notifying the state in writing.

  • State Filing Fee: $100
  • Annual Fees: $100

In all three states you require a Registered Agent. A registered agent is a person or service that acts on your behalf in the state of incorporation. They would receive any letters/paperwork and notify you when paperwork and annual fees are due. Services normally start at around 49$/year and it’s required by law to have a representative in the state of incorporation.

Employer Identification Number

The EIN, is the tax identification for your business. This will be the number used to conduct business inside the US and for importing/exporting goods.

 If you’re a US resident or you’re a non-resident, wishing to get an EIN, the process is quite simple, and you can either get the EIN by applying online, phone or by mail. If you’re a US non-resident with a US LLC/Corporation, you will need a responsible party to get the EIN.

To get the EIN you need to fill out Form SS4 and send it to the IRS. Getting an EIN is very simple and fast – the whole process shouldn’t take more than 15-30 minutes and is free of charge.

Getting a Bank Account

If you’re not a US resident, this is the biggest issue you will face. It is extremely difficult and rare to get a US bank account(business or personal) without being physically present. In some cases, there are companies that offer the service of opening a bank account remotely, however, they are expensive. You can also consult with your CPA or lawyer and see if they can open an account for you.

To open a business account in the US, you need:

  • Passport
  • EIN & Company Registration Documents
  • Business Licence
  • Articles of Organization – This is a list of all the members in the company, you should get the documents when you register the company.
  • Operation Agreement

Keep in mind that every bank is different and requires different documentation. If you’re a non-resident, inquire beforehand on what documents are needed.

Virtual Address

You need an official business address, this is needed to receive company mail and to register for services & marketplaces. A virtual address will notify, forward and even scan your mail – There are numerous companies offering these services for as little as $90/year.

Phone Number

If you’re registering a US LLC as a United States Non-Resident, you need a US phone number. This is will be required by all businesses(including banks) and marketplaces you will deal with.

The easiest and best option is to simply get a Skype number, it is fairly cheap with low call rates. If you’re based in the US, it is recommended to get a business phone number. 

Conclusion

This has been a brief introduction on business incorporation. In the upcoming weeks we will explore Offshore Company Registration – including the best countries where you can incorporate, and business banking. Hopefully, after reading this guide, the incorporation process has become easier to understand.

If you want us to include a particular topic regarding business incorporation or if you have any questions on the subject, please leave a comment below.

All the best & Happy Selling,

Duncan

http://importdojo.com/importdojo-masterclass/

screen-shot-2016-10-19-at-7-25-02-am

News and trends from the October 2016 exhibitions in China

I have made it a habit to give you an update on trends after every exhibition season in April & October within Hong Kong and China so I won’t break that habit this time :)

It has been a hectic 8 weeks for me. When I returned from Europe in September I flew straight to Hong Kong and had an extensive amount of work waiting for me. 

While the first few weeks were all about catching up with work after my holiday I was excited to go to the exhibitions in Hong Kong and China. Here are some of the exhibitions that I went to in October/November over the course of 4 weeks: 

Global Sources Electronics (phase 1)

HKTDC Electronics Fair

Global Sources Smart China Sourcing Summit – for Amazon and online sellers

Global Sources Electronics (phase 2, Mobile Electronics)

Global Sources Gifts & Home

Mega Show (Part 1)

Canton Fair Phase 2

HKTDC International Building and Hardware Fair

Mega Show (Part 2)

Canton Fair Phase 3

Without further ado here are some impressions from the last 8 weeks. 

Hong Kong is constantly at the Top 3 most expensive places to live in the world. Wonder how my apartment looks like in Hong Kong? 

img_6242

Yep, thats 8 square meter of pure space :) 

 

 

img_6248

At least there’s a rooftop with a view :) 


img_6279

And not so bad to work with this view  :) 

img_6288

 

There’s also a co-working space downstairs. 

img_6295

Back at the office with one of my newest products.  Check it out if you are in need of a portable photo studio. 

img_6313

End of September I head to an Amazon seller and eCommerce meet up in Shenzhen, China, organized by my friends over at EnterChina

img_6316

Rico Ngoma serial Entrepreneur and partner of EnterChina drops knowledge

img_6345

working on new projects for ImportDojo on the rooftop

img_6351

back at the office with the team :) 

img_6372

another hike at the end of September. Remember to work out whenever you can :) 

img_6456

The exhibitions start! I head to the Global Sources Electronics show Phase 1. Make sure to get your free train ticket ticket with your buyers badge. 

img_6457

 

img_6458

Global Sources hosts two electronic phases with different categories from 11-14th and 18th-21st. 

img_6459

Walking the aisles at the shows. Predominantly Smart Phone accessories on nearly every booth. 

img_6460

img_6461

Sport & Action camera’s are evolving and it’s amazing what you get these days. 

img_6462

Video & WiFi glasses/camera’s seem to be the newest thing. Maybe not the newest but a lot of suppliers exhibit those. 

img_6463

Smartphone cases. 

img_6465

I found this product to be quite interesting :) 

img_6467

An actual AI (Artificial Intelligence) 

img_6470

This automatic car cover peeked my interest. 


img_6472

Gaming & video backpacks seem to be popular as well. 

img_6473

img_6475

Virtual Reality getting bigger and more interesting in terms of developments. 

img_6479 img_6480 img_6481 img_6483

Drone’s are definitely still popular but less than half the amount of booth’s than in April this year. 

img_6484

Global Sources held the first Drone Racing Championship this year at the event. I wasn’t there to witness but it looked pretty cool.


img_6494

I head to the HKTDC Electronics show. Make sure to pre-register (its free)

img_6495

Quite a lot of buyers on the first day. 

img_6496

You’ve got big brands from overseas

img_6497

and big local brands from China. 

img_6498

The HKTDC doesn’t focus on Smart Phone Accessories only but has regular household electronics as well. 

img_6500

img_6507

Smart Home Automation has made big leaps and improvements in terms of apps and technology

img_6508 img_6515

Not sure what these guys do. 

img_6516

It’s a beautiful day in Hong Kong and I am stuck at the expo :(


img_6563

It’s my birthday and I hike to the beach with a couple of people

img_6564

img_6565

I am invited to speak at the Global Sources Amazon sellers summit again. I got to present my case study there as well in April. This time I talk about how to select the right supplier.

img_6566

I meet a few fellow ImportDojo members and familiar faces from online :) This is Taye from Hong Kong.


img_6568

Chris McCabe delivers amazing value in regards to Amazon account suspension and prevention. 

img_6572

Chris Davey & Danny McMillan arrange a meet up that evening in central Hong Kong. Over 40 Amazon and eCommerce sellers come. 

img_6574

Discussing with Mike Michellini from Globalfromasia some strategies for our business. 

img_6575

I talk about supplier selection and how to verify suppliers in China when at exhibitions but also online.  img_6586

In case you are wondering what some of the testing companies charge. 

img_6591

I walk the halls of the Global Sources home and gifts. 

img_6592 img_6593 img_6595

Lots of packaging suppliers there as well. 



img_6602

The first suppliers with Lightning earphones for the iPhone 7. I test them and they are horrible in quality :) 

img_6604

Interesting design for a power bank. 



img_6610

Flexport talks about the recent Hanjin collapse and the forecast of the freight forwarding industry at the Sellers Summit

screen-shot-2016-10-19-at-7-25-02-am

In between all of this I become the Number 1 bestseller on Amazon with my French Press case study. Even if only for a few days I am happy because I sell between 100-200 pieces per day :)


img_6628

Danny McMillan and Currencies Direct organise a meet up in Central with Will Tjernlund at a “fireside” chat. Will talks about Wholesale strategies and amazes the crowd as usual :)

img_6633

The next day a Typhoon with a signal T8 (the second strongest) hits Hong Kong and everything closes. I plan on heading to the Megashow part 1 but have to delay that until the next day as public transport closes all together. 

img_6634

img_6640

I eventually make it to the Megashow for a few hours before heading to Guangzhou for Canton Fair Phase 2

img_6654

Remember to book train tickets in advance as they are sold out days in advance. 
img_6663

I walk around Canton Fair for the day and take catalogues and snapshots of interesting items

img_6672

img_6675

img_6676
img_6683

img_6685

img_6687

img_6692

On the next day I head to Shenzhen to visit one of my suppliers. Some of them go the extra mile :) 


img_6700

I check the production and facilities. 

img_6701

img_6706

img_6707

Testing equipment within the factory. 

img_6721

My wife gets me a birthday gift :) 

img_6734

back in Hong Kong I check out the “OBEY” exhibition thats running for a month. Very cool art!


img_6739


img_6744

img_6745

img_6751

My friend organises a “junk boat trip”. You basically rent a boat that caters food and drinks all day and you drive out to some island 

img_6754


img_6760

Ignore the couple that is making out :)

img_6764

I head to Canton Fair Phase 3 and check in at the Aloft. The value you get for 60US$ is amazing. 

img_6768

img_6770

img_6771

I walk around Phase 3 for a couple of hours and meet existing suppliers and try to find interesting products for my outdoor brand. 

img_6772

Office and stationery is also very present. 


img_6778

img_6780

 

img_6807

img_6810


img_6823

Chris Davey from FBA4U organises his 4th Amazon Seller meet up in Guangzhou. The crowd is huge. Make sure to join his Facebook group if you are looking to meet up during your trip. 

img_6829

I meet familiar faces and friends from all over the world :)

img_6863

 

On 7th November I head to Bangkok for a couple of weeks. I hear a lot about UBER Hong Kong has Tesla drivers. I give it a try and I actually find a Tesla for my airport ride. I had to try it :) 

Pheew! Lots of photos and stories to share. All in all I’d say I’ve met a lot of great people, made new friends, found new products and definitely had a good time the last weeks :) If you are planning on coming to China I highly recommend you do.

In the coming weeks I’ve got a lot of news and amazing content coming for you. I am starting a new blog-series here on ImportDojo focusing on building a brand and how to drive traffic to your Amazon listing. Furthermore we are going to show you how you can build a business outside Amazon, so stay tuned :)

All the best and happy sourcing,

Manuel

http://importdojo.com/importdojo-masterclass/

global_images_insurance_life-car-health-ssk_100070060

Product Liability Insurance

Do you need Product Liability Insurance (PLI)?

Yes, I do recommend you have it but I’d say you don’t need to have it before you list and launch your first or second product.

You are unlikely to get any insurance anyway if your business is very new, have no track record, never filed an annual return or have no experience working with factories in China.

How does Product Liability Insurance work?

Basically you can cover any product in a group of products or by product only under an insurance. Meaning if there is any issue with your end consumers the insurance will cover the damage. That is if you have done everything by the book. Meaning you have certifications, had an inspection, a letter of guarantee from your supplier of conform goods and everything went well during production. Thankfully I’ve never had to make use of my insurance so far and I pray I will never have to but just in case its good to have it. Especially if you sell in the US.

Who needs it?

I’d say anyone importing to the US needs it at some point. Be it low risk items or high risk items, it just is better to have as you never know what your customers may do with your product or if there’s any fault in manufacturing that you didn’t find out during inspection.

Who can apply for a Product Liability Insurance?

Basically anyone can apply for an insurance. After all the insurance companies want your money. BUT not everyone gets it. It really depends a lot on how long you have been in business, who are your suppliers (are they a 20 man factory or do they produce for Walmart), do they have certifications, do you yourself have experience buying from China etc. There are many factors that go into the insurers consideration to issue you a policy or not. Please note you need a company to apply for Product Liability Insurance. You cannot apply as a private individual.

Where can I get a Product Liability Insurance?

Here are some sites that broker insurances from the big Insurers (AXA, MSIG, BUPA,Generali, Globality etc.)
Send them an email with your introduction about your business and they’ll get back to you if they can help you. Mind you these companies are based in Hong Kong so you need to have a HK Ltd. company to apply.
To find insurers in your country you’ll need to check with your local insuring companies.

http://www.lfsinsurance.com/business-insurance/
http://www.hkpli.com/
http://www.business.hsbc.com.hk/en-gb/protection-and-investment/general-insurance?DCSext.nav=foot-mat

(Note: HSBC does not cover US businesses)

Miscellaneous:

You need to understand while almost every insurance company will receive you with arms wide open for a life or health insurance it is actually NOT easy at all to get a product liability insurance.
You will be audited by either the insurance company or the broker and there will be extensive background research on you, your company, your products before you can actually get the insurance.

Like I say in nearly all of my posts, always work with reliable and experienced factories – always have certification available to meet country specific requirements (CE, ROHS, FDA etc).

When you apply for a PLI It is a minimum requirement that you have avilable certification.
I mean it’s only obvious that a insurer will only insure you if you have a quality product and not a product that falls apart or lights up in flames the moment you use it.

So you need to provide a lot of documents. Here are just some of the main documents needed:

  1. High Quality Product Photo of at least one item on each category
  2. Test report on at least one item on each category
  3. User Manual on at least one item on each category
  4. Warning Labels on at least one item on each category
  5. Completed and signed PLI application.
  6. Quality website with detailed information on your products
  7. Ideally you have a background in sourcing. If not, provide an action plan on how you source sustainable and quality items in China

 

I hope this helps as a general guideline. Please feel free to share or comment if you have any questions :)

All the best and happy sourcing,

Manuel

http://importdojo.com/importdojo-masterclass/

img_6458

Exhibition season starts & Amazon policy changes

It has been a hectic week for me, exhibition season started and I went to the GlobalSources Electronics show this morning to check out some of the newest products.

I’ll give you a recap of the trends at the end of the month as usual but here are some first impressions.

img_6458

Arriving at the halls

img_6461

Are these camera’s still selling?

img_6466

An actual AI at the show

img_6479

Virtual Reality (VR) becoming more popular

img_6484

GlobalSources will hold a drone racing championship here. Curious to see.

For previous recaps have a look here:
http://importdojo.com/news-and-trends-from-the-exhibition-april-2016/
http://importdojo.com/the-cantonfair-all-you-need-to-know-about-the-biggest-expo-in-asia/

For what you can expect or what you can prepare have a look here:
http://importdojo.com/news-and-trends-from-the-exhibitions-in-asia/

Here is a list of the most important exhibitions coming up:

http://www.globalsources.com/NEWS/TRADE_SHOW_CALENDAR_OCTOBER2016_A.pdf

You probably heard about the two big changes on recent Amazon policy updates (today & last week) so I wanted to give you my two cents and what you can do:

Amazon review policy update

screen-shot-2016-10-11-at-3-01-30-pm

https://www.amazon.com/p/feature/abpto3jt7fhb5oc

Last week (3rd of October) Amazon made an important announcement on its policy change in terms of reviews.

In short you are not allowed to ask for reviews in exchange for a discount or free product (anymore). This has been coming for a while.
First Amazon requested that reviewers spent a total of 5$ before they can leave a review, then in September this year this threshold was risen to 50$ and now only regular purchased products may be reviewed (or trough Amazon’s Vine Program).

I personally think this is super positive for sellers who try to build a brand and pay attention to quality and customer service. Will it be harder to get reviews and boost rankings? Yes for sure but it will also mean that those that are trying to make a quick buck will fail which means more room and profits for us hard working peeps :)

This will hopefully remove a lot of pushy Chinese factories and get rid of poor quality items. The many months you spent on perfecting a product sitting in front of your computer trying to come up with an additional value for your customer or how you can deliver better quality products are finally appreciated.

I’ve always said that building a brand together with social media and outside traffic is important right from the beginning.

My two cents:

  • PRO:
    less giveaways – more profits for me
    better quality products
    less Chinese sellers pushing the price down
    reviews that you get now are a reflection of your dedication to your products
    Having built an audience (social media) pays off
  • CONS:
    it will take longer to gain traction & sales launching a product
    And thats really the only con I see here….

Do it “right” from the beginning, build a brand and and audience on social media following and quality products
The point I am trying to make is not to worry too much about getting your product on the map if you have either:

  1. A superior product and listing
  2. A product that is highly in demand (just follow trendy websites and you will find those niches)
  3. Social media to drive traffic to your listings.

Reviews will eventually come. And those reviews will be a reflection of the hard work you’ve put into your product.

The best thing about this change is I don’t have to set away a ridiculous amount of units for reviews – saving me a lot of money.
The downside? Yes, it simply takes longer to gain traction but who said this is a get-rich-quick scheme?
Every business takes time and unlike a lot of people out there tell you, be patient, put in the work and you’ll get rewarded eventually.

Now, if you haven’t yet its time to set up services like Salesbacker (Salesbacker). The only way you can ask for reviews is with programs and autoresponders like SALESBACKER because this is integrated in your Amazon account and the people who are asked to leave reviews have bought at a full price (or discounted price that you list public). Salesbacker works very well for my products. Usually every 2nd-3rd buyer leaves a review.

So if you are worried about your intial launch I recommend that you launch your product at a discounted price for a few hours/maybe a day and see how sales come in and you MUST have Salesbacker installed before that and wait until reviews come in. Then you jack up the price again to normal. It’s perfectly within TOS and has worked well for me on a few products.

It has become very important now to build outside traffic trough social media or advertising. Even more important is to have the right supplier and add value to your product. Check out my case study on how I did it:
http://importdojo.com/importdojo-masterclass/

The second big change came in this morning:

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-10-11/amazon-said-to-limit-warehouse-access-to-new-merchants
Amazon now restricts new sellers that you cannot ship anything to their warehouses if you have not yet shipped any products to Amazon by 10th of October. You can still sign up for FBA but your first shipment will have to wait until 19th of December.

I believe that their warehouses are bursting and they are trying to avoid overcrowding and “clogging” of products that are new and have no sales record/history. Same thing happened last year during Q4 but only affected a few categories like toys. Now it affects all categories. This will certainly upset a few people who’s first shipment may be on the way or is being produced right now. Not only will those sellers miss out Q4 sales but also might be stuck with their inventory at some warehouse at additional costs. If you can wait it out good, if not I recommend to do the following:

Switch your incoming inventory to FBM (Fulfilled by Merchant) and ship your product to a fullfilment warehouse in the US. Here is a list of warehouses from reddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/FulfillmentByAmazon/comments/3eq4m0/updated_list_of_fba_prep_and_ship_companies/

It is perfectly OK to sell in Q4 BUT ship from your own (or third party) warehouse. There’s no offiicial statement from Amazon yet but I think below screenshot says it all

screen-shot-2016-10-11-at-3-01-44-pm

I hope the recent changes didn’t put you off or de-motivate you. I’ve seen some of my products or friends product hit page 1/2 after a few days without doing much.I believe if you put in the work and add value to your product you can succeed.

All the best & happy sourcing,
Manuel

http://importdojo.com/importdojo-masterclass/

IMG_4536

NDA’s, agreements and having your own tooling in China

A lot of people are concerned when they produce their own design in China that the supplier will copy it and sell to other sellers.

First I would like to point out that in my nearly 12 years in China I have had almost only good experiences with suppliers even with my own designs and exclusivity agreements.
Today we are looking at your options and what it actually means to have NDA’s or Exclusivity Agreements in China and how likely it is to enforce it or hold up in a court.

Lets look at the terminology first and what they mean:

NDA’s

Whats an NDA and when do you use it?
An NDA or Non-Disclosure Agreement is used when you have your own product design and want that developed by a factory in China. You basically agree with the factory that they are not allowed to disclose, share or produce your design (or even ideas) with any other customer or supplier. Neither local or overseas. In most cases if you have your own design a tooling is likely need to be made. The first step you take before you send any designs to a factory is to ask them to sign the NDA.

Tooling

To produce your design it is very likely that the factory needs to make a mould or tooling for you. With this tooling – parts of your product will be manufactured and eventually assembled into the final product.
(Categories like Textile or Food do not need tooling). Toolings are often included in the price quoted to you when you hand over your design. However you can also opt to pay for the tooling if you want to own the tooling as well.
Toolings can go anywhere from 1,000-30,000+USD depending on the size of the product. Yes, things can get pretty expensive.

Can I move my own tooling to a secure location?

Toolings are usually very large and heavy as they are made out of die-cast in most cases. Moving them requires quite some logistics.
So if you are unsure that your supplier is going to use them for other customers you should move them to a secure location (e.g. a rented warehouse). This can easily cost a few hundred US$.
And every time you would place an order this tooling needs to be moved to the factory and after production back to the warehouse. An expensive enterprise.
So having said all that if you feel you need to have your tooling secure somewhere else you should not work with this factory in the first place.

So whats the best way to go about having your own designs & tooling?

Two scenarios:

  1. You are just starting out and have no factory contacts whatsoever.
    My tip is to work with a sourcing agent  that can help you find reliable and trustworthy factories.
    Don’t go onto Alibaba and randomly look for factories that could make your product. You don’t know them, they don’t know you and are unlikely to help you anyway.
    Even if they tell you: “no problem, we can make it for you” they are likely to copy your product or sell the idea to other sellers the minute you place an order.
    Just the other day a reader of mine told me he found a trading company on Alibaba for his design and placed an order of 300 pieces.
    When he got contacted by the actual factory about labels and other things they needed from him he found out that the trading company placed a total of 500 pieces with that factory.
    They ordered an additional 200 pieces (without the knowledge of the client & even with the clients logo) for themselves probably to sell it on Aliexpress or even Amazon themselves.
  2.  You’ve been placing orders in China for a while.
    Work with the factory of your trust. Even if the product you are now looking to manufacture doesn’t fit into their assortment. Factories have a large network and contacts with other factories.
    Ask them to help you source a factory that can make your product whom they trust. I’d he happy to pay a few cents more for this type of help if it means I get connected to someone trustworthy.
    Ideally your existing factory can help you manufacture your new design.

Mutual Exclusivity Agreement

Let say you find a product on Alibaba or at the shows and you want to buy this product exclusively to sell on Amazon. Suppliers are likely not to give you a Exclusivity Agreement if you don’t purchase high quantities from them or if you haven’t had any previous business with them. FBA sellers are in general very small customers for factories. The 1000 pieces (if even) you & I are going to want to place as a trial order cause more trouble to the factory than you could imagine. Setting up production and purchasing raw material for only a 1000 pieces is an expensive endeavour for factories. Most raw material suppliers have MOQ’s of 5000 pieces (per raw material) and up. So getting the material for 1000 pieces can be quite expensive. While some factories may have stock left of material or might agree to purchase the larger quantity from the raw material supplier in order to produce your order it is unlikely to happen in reality. Having said that you could approach things a little different to get your exclusivity:

You could ask the supplier to sign exclusivity agreements for 6 months. Meaning you could agree on a quantity that you will place within those 6 months and if you don’t reach the quantity the contract will be voided.
Which will give you the time to figure out if the product is selling and the supplier on the other hand isn’t forced to sign a deal for a long time.
After this period of 6 months the contract/agreement can be reviewed and extended for a longer period. Even if the supplier does not agree to an extension you have at least a head start of 6 months on other sellers.

Validity of agreements & contracts:

In the FB groups I often see question like: “How are those agreements going to hold up and what are your chances of winning an NDA dispute in China if you find out your supplier has betrayed you?”
Well to be honest the chances are slim. Does it help to have an agreement in Chinese? No. Even if you hire an expensive lawyer in China and win the case by the time you resolve the issue your expenses will have ballooned into thousands of $.
So unless you have a patent it isn’t even worth it pursuing a law suit.

You will also have difficulties finding out if your supplier actually used your tooling for another client. An un-trustworthy supplier will find many ways to wiggle himself out of the situation.
For example he could claim a disgruntled engineer of the company left the factory and took the designs to the next factory he started to work for. You won’t be able to proof him differently.

So whats the point of having an agreement at all and whats best approach?

To ask a supplier to sign an agreement or NDA shows that you mean serious business and they will take you and your project more seriously. If he doesn’t agree to it in the first place move on to the next supplier.
Work with a supplier whom you trust and have worked with for many months/years already. You will still need to have agreements in place with that supplier but the understanding is entirely different.
If you work with a supplier and you let him know he can grow his business with you over the years he will honour your agreement. The contract is more or less a formality.
Either place orders with a factory for ODM (products off the rack) in the beginning and eventually propose your ideas and designs after you worked with them for a while or hire a Sourcing Agent who can help you get you in touch with trustworthy factories.

For example in my case study I actually got exclusivity for my product (for an initial 1000 pieces order).
And the supplier honoured it. How do I know that? As you know my case study is public and people who join the course can see contacts of my supplier within the course.
After I launched my product and case study only a few days went by and my supplier contacted me to tell me that he had received quotation requests from 2 different US sellers already. Those 2 people wanted to copy my process (they even used my email templates and quotation forms that I offer in my course). The supplier refused to offer my product to those 2 guys. Thats not to say that they can’t go anywhere else but at least I know I have a reliable and trustworthy supplier.
So its all about finding the right supplier and develop a relationship with him. You will want to have agreements in place even after a long relationship but again, thats just really formality and if you found a trustworthy supplier they will honour agreements and in 95% of the cases help you if you have to claim money for example (defect or returned goods).

It also has to do with your professionalism and how you or your sourcing agent approaches the factory.
Imagine you are a factory based in China and someone with a Gmail address contacts you like this:

“Hi, we are looking to get products manufactured with you. Please see attached drawing and design. Please give us a price”.

The above is an actual email I received from a “potential” client in the US. I simply ignored it. But some suppliers will take this opportunity and steal your design or show it to their customers.
It’s entirely different if I would have received an email with an introduction, detailed business proposal and more background information from the buyer.

The point I want to get across to you today is not to worry too much about getting copied in China if you approach things professionally.

Getting copied will happen eventually because either:

  • Another factory copies/modifies the designs because they have seen it on Amazon.
  • Your competitor copies your product or modifies it.
  • Your approach was unprofessional.

Take the head-start that you have with your product and move on. Thats how this business is.

And remember the above goes only for your own designs. It is a different story if you are buying products off the rack maybe with small modifications from a supplier that you found on Alibaba for example. In these cases it doesn’t make much sense to have NDA’s or Exclusivity Agreements because it is not your design in the first place. It belongs to the supplier. However if you make significant modifications and are able to place larger orders it makes sense to have agreements.

Update Case Study:

A lot of people have asked me about my case study project and asked me about an update.
As you know I’ve posted about being out of stock end of May: http://importdojo.com/7-weeks-case-study-update-i-am-out-of-stock/
My second small reorder of 208 pieces came into stock around 6th of June. However my BSR had dropped significantly to nearly 100,000 by that time.

In the last 4 weeks if seen a couple of sales a day but not much (hovering around 1-2 pieces) sometimes even none. The reason is mainly because I didn’t do anything in terms of promotions, PPC or give aways. But that doesn’t really bother me, the listing and the reviews are there anyway and I sold close to a 100 pieces within this month (doing nothing for it).
I didn’t want to run out of stock again before Prime Day (today) before my large shipment of 2500 pieces arrives around 15th of July. As of today my BSR is at around 20,000 and inventory is around 100 pieces and I’ve just lowered the price and started with PPC again to get back in the ranks. I should have enough stock to last me trough Prime Day until this second large shipment arrives. Then i will again go full steam on PPC, some give aways and promotions to get my ranking back to where it was. Stay tuned for more updates.

Hope this helps guys!
Happy sourcing,
Manuel

 

http://importdojo.com/importdojo-masterclass/